The tortuous path
of implementation

The materialization of the agreement between the Colombian State and the former FARC guerrillas is going through winding, irregular and uneven routes, which limit its progress. Such difficulties are of concern to the victims of the armed conflict, who are demanding greater speed. The balance, five years later, is bittersweet. This is what this journalistic series reveals.

The silence of the guns was short-lived

With the peace process, communities in regions dominated by the former FARC were able to live peacefully for a time. However, before the promises of post-conflict, new armed groups arrived and violence returned.

JEP moves forward, despite opposition

In less than four years, the JEP has made more than 50,000 judicial decisions, which controverts many of the criticisms made by sectors adverse to this transitional justice scenario. spoke with various actors who intervene before this body to know their assessment.

Colombia, facing the mirror of truth

For more than 50 years, this country suffered a bloody armed conflict between the security forces, paramilitary armies, subversive groups and organized crime networks. The result was death, pain and destruction throughout the country; the worst part was borne by the civilian communities. The Truth Commission has the challenge of clarifying what happened so that it does not happen again.

Search Unit still does not fill the disappearance gap

Relatives of victims consider that in order to achieve greater results, its internal organization, the requirements for prospecting and exhumations, and to act beyond search requests must be modified. In the meantime, the entity is dealing with two restrictions: the Covid-19 pandemic and the worsening of the armed conflict.

“The final objective is reconciliation and it is achieved with a solid truth”

Jesuit priest Francisco De Roux presides over the Truth Clarification Commission, an entity to which the Peace Agreement assigned, among several tasks, to produce a report that gives an account of the causes of the armed conflict in Colombia and the impacts it produced throughout half a century, in order to avoid repeating that tragic chapter.

The pending balance with women and the LGBTI community

One of the most applauded points of the Peace Agreement with the FARC is its gender focus. Despite being the first peace pact in the world to include it, five years later there is very little to celebrate since only 20 percent of what was agreed has been implemented.

The Ethnic Chapter is confined on paper

After overcoming multiple obstacles, the Afro-descendant and indigenous communities managed to include a set of guarantees in the Peace Agreement to protect their rights and ensure that their territories would not be affected by the implementation of post-conflict policies. Five years later, progress is practically nil, with a few exceptions.

Implementation of the Peace Accord was lethal for social leadership

The situation of leaders and ethnic authorities in Colombia has not been the most favorable since the Colombian State signed the Peace Agreement with the now defunct FARC guerrillas five years ago. They face multiple risk scenarios in their daily work on behalf of the most vulnerable communities. The grueling reality they face is far […]

Security of ex-combatants: a debt that has claimed 290 lives

Since the signing of the Peace Accord, on average, every six days a member of the former FARC guerrillas who had laid down their arms and were in the process of reincorporating into legal life have been murdered. They bet on reconciliation, but the State, critics say, failed to protect them.

Reincorporation of former guerrillas, a bittersweet balance

One of the achievements of the Peace Accord was the disarmament and demobilization of at least 14,000 former FARC combatants. However, the promises of a much calmer and more productive life in legitimacy face multiple obstacles to become a reality. Five years later, versions of their progress clash.

PNIS, a program implemented in dribs and drabs

The national government is reiterative in showing the great investment it has made to develop the program for the substitution of coca leaf crops for illicit use, but the communities question the manner and time in which these resources have been allocated. Drop after drop does not guarantee that the peasants will get out of illegality, they say in several regions of the country.

The PDETs have not been able to quench the thirst for rural welfare

The non-payment of simple works and the marginalization of the communities that participated in the construction stages of the Development Programs with a Territorial Approach, put the future of this initiative, which seeks to settle the socioeconomic debts with the regions most affected by the armed conflict, in trouble.

Five years searching for peace amid fractures

The implementation of the Peace Agreement has been full of ups and downs and adversities. At the end of its first five years, although there are points to highlight, the feeling for those who are its raison d’être is bittersweet: those most affected by the war are still waiting for what was promised to be fulfilled.


  • Luciana Rodríguez
  • María Camila Paladines
  • Santiago Díaz Gamboa
  • Carlos Mayorga Alejo
  • Andrés García
  • Juan Diego Restrepo E.


  • Andrés García


  • Protección Internacional (PI)


  • Beatriz A Ortiz Velez


  • Juan Diego Restrepo E.

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